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Causes of Macular Degeneration

In Dry macular Degeneration the cells in the Retina are unable to take in nutrients and oxygen to function correctly or clear away the by-products of normal cell function. This results in the formation of tiny yellow deposits under the retina called “Dresden”. This makes the retina uneven and over time the Retinal cells start to degenerate and die causing gradual sight loss.

In Wet Macular degeneration, the bodies natural but disastrous response is to try to increase the blood flow to the area affected by generating new blood vessels. These blood vessels are usually very fragile and prone to leakage. This causes scarring and a rapid loss of central vision.

Ultimately, the primary cause of Macular Degeneration, though not proven, appears to be a reduced supply of the essential nutrients and oxygen to the delicate tissues of the eye and a failure to properly drain away cell by-products causing the cells of the macula to start to degenerate.