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Macular Degeneration

Macula Degeneration is a serious eye disease that involves the degeneration of the macula, the part of the retina that contains the highest density of cones, responsible for sharp central vision. This normally leads to a loss of central vision. Macula Degeneration is often age related and is sometimes called AMD or Age Related macular Degeneration. This eye disease is the leading cause of vision loss and blindness in Americans over 65 and it is estimated that over 1.75 million (2004) U.S. Residents are experiencing serious syptoms associated with MD and this figure is rising dramatically.

Macular degeneration has two forms, dry (non-neovascular) or wet (neovascular). Neovascular refers to growth of new blood vessels in an area, such as the macula, where they are not supposed to be. The dry form is more common than the wet, with about 85-90 percent of AMD patients diagnosed with dry AMD. The wet form of the disease usually leads to more serious vision loss.